Research-Facial Muscles

One of the things both Conánn and Michael told us to research for the facial modelling was the muscles in the face. The inner ex-science student in me sprung immediately forward-one of my dreams jobs had been working in Forensic Pathology with the aspect of Facial Reconstruction as a masters. Oh how times have changed.

I started by having a look at some of the resources Mike has made available to us- he shared quite a few muscle maps/ diagrams.

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Front view.(InnerBody, 2016).

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Posterior head muscles as shared by Michael Bass. (InnerBody, 2016).

I found the posterior view very helpful- specifically the neck area. I thought it was important to note the obvious flow of the muscles here and how the topology would reflect these. The muscles follow three ‘flows’ or patterns in my eyes.

The first is the circular flow of the eyes’ orbicularis oculi muscles. The second is the triangular downward flow of the nasalis muscles. The final is that of the circular flow around the mouth, effected by the following muscles: orbicularis oris,  depressor angulioris and the mentalis on the chin.


The flow on the face is evident even in the above diagrams. (Eleopra, 2003).


I also found looking into the actual tissue markers themselves helped. I was struggling to understand the thickness in my cheek facial muscles and around the jawline- as mentioned previously, mine is rather thick.


Facial tissue markers are used to reconstruct skeletal faces. This example, by Jeff Nichols, is of a murder victim.(Anon, 2016).

Looking at the original skull, it is easier to see where the build up of tissue and muscle gives the most shape- around the jawline. This is something I’ll have to work at more in my own model.



InnerBody. (2016). Muscles of the Head and Neck. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].

Anon, (2016). [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Apr. 2016].

Eleopra, R. (2003). Meccanismo d’azione delle neurotossine botuliniche / Valeria Tugnoli . L’uso della tossina botulinica nel trattamento delle iperattività ghiandolari. Torino: Scienza medica.


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